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Glossary of Terms

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Chain lift skips

The chains which are part of the hydraulic lifting arms on the vehicle are attached to the lifting lugs in the skip - making swift work of moving them on and off our vehicles. Chain lifts are used for skip sizes ranging from 3 to 16 cubic yards.


Any customer whose waste is produced as of any type of business operations falls into the category that we class as “commercial”.

Commodity Brokerage

A commodity broker is someone who uses their network and connections to sell on materials for a client, the broker then takes a commission on this for their work. In the case of Brown Recycling, we purchase commodities - recyclables such as cardboard - with value attached from many of our customers, and then sell this in bulk to a commodity exporter.


When we say “domestic” we mean at your home, acting on your own behalf as a private individual. All non-commercial clients fall into the domestic category.


Metals which are ferrous contain iron, the name itself is derived from the latin for the word iron.

Hazardous Waste

Hazardous waste is defined as being potentially harmful to people and animals in the vicinity, as well as the surrounding environment. Some hazardous waste can be dangerous to touch, ingest or inhale - this type of waste must be kept separate from regular waste.

Hooklift skips

Commonly used to deliver and collect large skips, a hooklift system uses a hydraulically powered arm with a hook to push and pull the skip slowly into place with the aid of roller on the rear of the container. Hooklift vehicles are used for skip sizes ranging from 20 to 50 cubic yards.

Landfill Directive

This refers to the 1999 EU directive to regulate landfills and ensure that they have as little impact on the environment as possible - including waste handling factors.

Midi skips

Our midi skips are essentially our medium size skip with a drop door function - ideal for domestic customers but also used for small commercial projects - they are also referred to as 4 cubic yard skips.

Mini Skips

This is our smallest skip size at 3 cubic yards in size, and is ideal for domestic customers getting rid of small amounts of waste.

Maxi Skips

This skip has a few names; maxi skip, builders skip or 8 yard skip. It’s ideal for bigger projects at home or for any commercial project.


These are metals which don’t contain any iron. These can often be more valuable depending on the market at any given time, due to a higher level of demand and lower quantities available.

Front-end loader

This type of system involves a lorry with a hydraulic-powered mechanism to lift various sizes of trade waste containers. This is in order to empty the waste from the container up over the front of the vehicle into the hopper at the top. Similar to a dustbin lorry, this vehicle allows for multiple collections to be made in one trip and scheduled collections for customers.

Residual waste

Residual waste is the material left over when all the waste has been processed and recyclables have been removed. This residual material can often be used as a fuel or aggregate in other industries.


This is the same as a hooklift but often know as roll-on, roll-off (RORO). A RORO skip is a larger skip suited for commercial purposes with sizes upwards of 20 yards. This type of skip and vehicle is referred to as a roll-on, roll-off because of the rollers on the rear of the container, which are used in conjunction with the lifting arm of the vehicle, allowing the container to roll in order to load and unload onto the vehicle.

Waste transfer station

These sites are points at which waste is delivered and deposited to. There it can be sorted into segregated waste streams before each stream is moved to the appropriate designated site or area, helping to improve recycling rates.

WEEE Recycling

This stands for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment. The specific WEEE recycling initiative is designed to encourage people to recycle their electrical items and avoid them doing harm to the environment.

Zero to landfill

This initiative does exactly what it says - it is a dedication to sending zero waste to landfill, ensuring where possible that all waste is recycled, repurposed or reused.

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